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What are lung diseases?
Lung diseases mainly impact the respiratory pathways, including lungs, airway tracks, tissues and vessels. Lung diseases are mainly of three types
a) Airway diseases: Affects the tubes and lungs, eg. asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchiolitis, and bronchiectasis
b) Lung tissue diseases: scarring or inflammation of the tissue, which makes lung inflammability restricted. eg. Pulmonary fibrosis and sarcoidosis
c) Lung circulation diseases: affects the blood vessels. People with these conditions often feel shortness of breath during physical activity. eg. pulmonary hypertension.
Most common lung diseases
- Asthma: a chronic inflammatory condition that causes narrowing and swelling of the airways, making it difficult to breathe.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD): a group of progressive lung diseases, including emphysema and chronic bronchitis, that make it difficult to breathe due to damage to the lungs and airways.
- Pulmonary fibrosis: a condition in which the lung tissue becomes scarred and thickened, making it difficult for oxygen to pass from the lungs into the bloodstream.
- Lung cancer: a type of cancer that starts in the lungs and can spread to other parts of the body.
- Pneumonia: an infection of the lungs that can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi.
- Tuberculosis: an infectious disease caused by a bacterium that can affect the lungs and other parts of the body.
- Pulmonary hypertension: a type of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and can lead to heart failure.
Signs and Symptoms of a lung disease
These and other lung diseases can cause a range of symptoms, including
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
How can medical cannabis help with lung diseases
there is some evidence to suggest that certain cannabinoids found in cannabis, such as cannabidiol (CBD), may have potential therapeutic benefits for lung diseases when administered via alternative routes, such as inhalation through a vaporizer or nebulizer, or through oral ingestion.
CBD has been well studied for its anti-inflammatory properties and may be effective in reducing inflammation in the lungs. This could potentially be beneficial for a range of lung diseases that involve inflammation, such as asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
In addition to its anti-inflammatory effects, CBD has also been shown to have antioxidant properties, which could help to protect lung tissue from oxidative stress and damage caused by pollutants and other environmental toxins.
Potential benefits of medical cannabis for lung diseases
- Pain Relief: CBD oil stimulates the reuptake of adenosine, boosting its levels in the brain, inhibiting pain sensations. By binding to the TRV1 receptor, CBD oil also blocks pain signals from reaching the brain.
- Reducing Inflammation: In addition to being anti-inflammatory, cannabis medicine acts as an antioxidant, decreasing oxidative stress and systematic inflammation in the body.
- Tissue Protectant: Cannabinoids, such as THC and CBD, have been found to act as powerful antioxidants, protecting cells from oxidative stress and damage caused by free radicals.
- Regenerative properties: Studies have suggested that cannabinoids may promote neurogenesis (the growth of new neurons) in the brain and may enhance the regeneration of skin cells which have been damaged due to liver diseases.