CBD gummies are a convenient, fun, and tasty way of adding CBD to your life. Their ease of use and familiarity of taste is increasing their popularity over other methods of CBD consumption.
This mini-guide on CBD Gummies helps you understand what gummies are, how do they work, and where to buy them in India. After reading this guide, you’ll have a thorough understanding of how CBD gummies are made, how and when to use them, and their benefits and challenges.
What are gummies?
Gummies are a broad-category of chewable sweets that typically contain gelatin. Gummy bears are the most popular product in the sweets industry.
Gummies have a viscous or sticky consistency and contain sucrose, starch, and water in addition to gelatin
More often than not, gummies also contain minor amounts of colouring and flavouring agents.
What are CBD gummies?
CBD gummies are a type of edibles infused with CBD oil. Just like standard gummies, they are available in a variety of shapes, colours, and flavours.
Gummies are popular because their sweetness hides the unpleasant taste of CBD oil. They are also a convenient way to add CBD to your life which is why more and more people in India are opting to buy CBD gummies.
CBD edibles are ready-to-eat food and drink items that contain CBD oil. These vary from breads, brownies, and salads to smoothies, teas, and coffee.
Types of CBD Gummies
While types of CBD gummies can refer to the different shapes, flavours, and colours gummies come in, what is important is to understand the type of CBD extract that has been used in making them.
CBD gummies usually contain am extract that is:
- Isolate: an extract that contains only CBD and is devoid of all the other naturally occurring compounds in the source plant.
If a gummy contains an isolate CBD extract, it means that it contains only and only the CBD cannabinoid with the additional ingredients such as gelatin, sugar, and flavouring agent.
- Broad-spectrum: an extract that contains CBD along with all the other naturally occurring compounds in the source plant except THC. That is to say, broad-spectrum extracts do not have the high-causing component in them.
If a gummy contains a broad-spectrum CBD extract, it means that in addition to CBD, it also has other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids except THC with the other base ingredients of the gummy. This extract will offer a more wholesome benefit than an isolate because of the combined effect of all the cannabinoids.
- Full-spectrum: an extract that contains all the chemical compounds present in the source cannabis plant. That is to say, this extract contains CBD, THC, other cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids, and any other chemical compound that may be present in the source plant.
If a gummy contains a full-spectrum CBD extract, it means that in addition to CBD, it has all other chemical compounds including CBD with the base ingredients of a gummy.
It is important to note that the term full-spectrum can mean different things if the source plant is different. If a product contains full-spectrum hemp extract, its composition will be the same as that of the hemp plant. That is, it would naturally contain less than 0.03% THC. Whereas, if a product contains a full-spectrum cannabis extract, its composition will be the same as that of a cannabis plant i.e., the percentage of THC will be higher than 0.03%.
While both these products are technically full-spectrum, they offer distinct experiences to users.
CBD Oil vs. CBD Gummies
While gummies contain some amount of CBD oil in them, the oil in itself is a different way of consuming CBD. Both CBD oil and gummies offer a unique experience with its respective pros and cons.
While CBD gummies are eaten directly, the consumption of CBD oil occurs sublingually through tinctures or topically via direct application on the skin.
CBD oil is an independent form of taking CBD whereas gummies contain CBD oil as a prime ingredient.
In one case, CBD oil is the product while in the other, it is an ingredient.
CBD oil comes with a built-in dropper that makes it easy to measure dosages. When using CBD oil sublingually, you can control i.e. increase or decrease the amount of CBD in each dosage. Your first dosage can be different than your second or third dosage.
In the case of CBD gummies, the amount of CBD is pre-set. Every gummy from one packet will contain exactly the same amount of CBD.
For instance, if you have a 300mg pack of 15 gummies, then each gummy has 300/15=20mg of CBD. If your ideal dosage is 40mg of CBD each day, you can take 1 gummy in the morning and one in the night, or take 2 together at one time i.e. 2 in the morning or 2 in the night.
CBD oil taken sublingually directly reaches the bloodstream and therefore, gives an almost immediate effect.
CBD gummies go through the digestive system before entering the bloodstream and therefore take longer, in comparison, to show effect. However, over a sustained time period, the effect of gummies is more consistent than of oil.
How to make CBD gummies?
The process of making gummies is quite similar to that of baking cookies. You need all the ingredients you want in your gummies, mix it together with water and sugar, and refrigerate it for about 20-30 minutes.
Typically, we combine gelatin, water, sugar, flavouring and colouring agents, and citric acid (for sour gummies) cook it in the microwave for 30-60 seconds followed by whisking until they are completely combined. We then pour the mixture into silicone moulds and refrigerate for 20-30 minutes.
Administering Dosage in CBD Gummies
Monitoring dosage in CBD gummies is fairly simple. Because gummy is a type of edible, their dosage works similar to that of other edibles. A pack of gummies should mention the amount of CBD clearly on the label.
What does strength or quantity mean?
The total amount of CBD and the number of gummies in each pack gives us the amount of CBD in each gummy. Because this amount is pre-set, each gummy provides exactly the same dose of CBD.
Typical Serving Size
For instance, if you have 300mg pack of 30 gummies, then each gummy has 300/30=10mg of CBD. If your ideal dosage is 50mg of CBD each day, you need to consume 5 gummies throughout the day.
Because they provide a pre-set amount of CBD, gummies are a great way to ensure a consistent serving.
How to store CBD gummies?
Exposure to light and air can cause the ingredients in your gummies to break down. It is therefore essential to store CBD gummies in a cool, dry, and dark place.
If your gummies come in a plastic packaging, we prefer switching to a glass jar or paper bag. This is because plastic creates excess moisture that may cause bacteria to grow on the gummy. It is also possible for synthetic compounds in the plastic to leech onto the gummies. Subsequently, the plastic may also soak up some of the ingredients in the gummies.
Most of the CBD gummies you buy in India will be in a plastic packaging. While the air-tight packaging is considered safe, switching to a glass jar is the safer option.
How to take CBD gummies?
Pop. Chew. Swallow.
Gummies are a pretty straightforward way of consuming CBD. They are a ready-to-eat product and just need to be popped into your mouth.
How long do gummies take to have an effect?
CBD gummies are edibles i.e., they pass through the digestive system before entering the bloodstream. The typical time for the effects of gummies to kick in can be anywhere between 1-2 hours lasting for 4-6 hours.
However, this time can vary according to a person’s individual metabolism, weight, and the severity of the medical condition they’re targeting. Generally, you should expect 1-2 hours to pass easily before you feel the effects of gummies. Depending on what you’re using the gummy for, you may not immediately recognise a change at all.
Some other factors affecting the absorption of CBD are:
The amount of fat in a body affects the amount of CBD one needs to witness considerable effects. This is because your body weight affects your metabolism of and circulation in the body.
Ideally, people with more body weight should be able to absorb more CBD. This factor also affects the time for which CBD stays in your body. CBD is stored in the fat cells, gradually eliminating through urine or faeces. So, theoretically, people with more body weight should experience the effects of CBD for a longer period of time.
Dosage & Potency
A high dosage of CBD increases the amount of CBD that gets absorbed in the body. The same is true for the potency, concentration, and purity of a CBD product. The higher the amount of CBD, the more is its bioavailability.
That said, it is important to understand that this principle is not a green flag for the overuse of CBD. While no fatal overdose on CBD has been reported, taking it in excessive amounts, especially when it is new to the body, can cause severe side-effects. We advise that you be moderate and patient with you CBD dosage.
Unlike oils, tinctures, and capsules, CBD gummies contain additional ingredients that can affect the bioavailability of CBD and the way it is processed and metabolised in the body. The quality of a CBD gummy then becomes a subjective factor governed by the additional ingredients.
Frequency of Use
Just like any other drug (read: medicine), CBD needs time to adjust to your body. Or your body needs time to adjust to CBD. In either case, you need to be sincere and consistent with your CBD dosage to experience beneficial long-term effects.
Pros and Cons of CBD Gummies
Gummies are a discreet and straightforward way of consuming CBD. While some users prefer their convenience over oils or tinctures, others are not a fan of the delayed effect they bring. In this section, we take a look at the pros and cons of CBD gummies.
You have the freedom to carry gummies with you anywhere and everywhere. You can pack the small pouch of gummies in your handbag and it won’t raise concerns at security checkpoint—a freedom oils or tinctures do not provide.
Gummies are also convenient in that they can be easily consumed. While some people find it difficult to swallow capsules, others detest the taste of CBD oil under their tongue. Eating a gummy, however, is like eating a candy—simple and effective.
Gummies don’t bring with them the hassle of measuring each dosage. Every gummy in a single pack has a set amount of CBD which makes administering dosage fairly easy. You can easily increase or decrease your dosage by taking one additional or one less gummy.
Gummies also allow you to take your daily CBD requirement by staying low-key. They’re essentially candies. They don’t invite stares or unwanted conversations. You can just swiftly pop a gummy into your mouth without having to go into the details of your muscle pains or anxiety.
Facilitate Consistent Dosing
Every gummy provides an exactly equal amount of CBD. There isn’t space for even a minute dosage variation and that proves to be quite convenient especially when have to administer dosage in the middle of a busy day.
Taste Better than Oils and Tinctures
CBD oil and tinctures have a pungent smell and an unpleasant taste. That is that. Gummies make it easier to experience the benefits of CBD by disguising its disgusted taste. Gummies, quite literally, sugar coat CBD oil.
Bioavailability indicates the amount of CBD that is absorbed into the bloodstream. The method of consumption of CBD affects its bioavailability. Gummies have a bioavailability of 5-15% while tinctures and oils rank somewhere between 35-56%.
That is to say, with gummies, comparably less amount of CBD enters the body and therefore the effects are felt accordingly.
Gummies, by definition, contain gelatin, sucrose, and colouring and flavouring agents. While CBD oil will show its effect, other ingredients will also show theirs. This may prove counteractive for some users.
The presence of additional ingredients also runs the risks of food allergies. If a label does not specify all the ingredients present in the gummies, the user may experience an allergy or relative problem which might be difficult to figure out.
Longer Effect Onset Time
Because gummies pass through the digestive system before being absorbed in the bloodstream, they take longer to show effect (in comparison to tinctures or sublingual consumption of oil). This is a downside for those looking to experience immediate benefits of CBD.
Possible side-effects of CBD Gummies
CBD is generally safe for people of all ages to consume. It is not theoretically possible to overdose on CBD. It is, however, possible for CBD to show some side-effects during the time it takes to adjust to your body.
Some common side-effects of CBD include:
Diarrhoea and liver problems are common side-effects of CBD. They are not something to worry about and should be tackled with hydration and light eating.
If you feel drowsy after taking CBD, it is not because you’re getting high. CBD does not have any intoxicating effects on the body. The feeling of drowsiness is just your body’s reaction to an unfamiliar substance or a higher-than-usual dosage. This may also materialise if you take CBD with other sedating medicines.
It is usually the presence of THC that causes dry mouth but CBD may also does the same in some cases. If your mouth or eyes begin to feel dry, hydrate yourself and avoid warm drinks.
Depending on the amount of CBD you consume and how your body reacts to it, you can experience nausea. But once your body gets used to CBD, and its regular dosage, the nausea will subside.
Because gummies contain other ingredients in addition to CBD oil, they may cause allergies depending on the user’s biology. A precautionary measure here is to check the product label for ingredients or stop the consumption of CBD if the allergy is too severe.
What medical conditions can gummies help with?
While the therapeutic benefits of CBD remain the same, gummies, or edibles in general, can better help manage some conditions than others. That is also to say that edibles and gummies offer a convenient way to use CBD for a wholesome well-being.
Some of the benefits of CBD that can reaped from gummies include:
CBD gummies are convenient for treating chronic pain and inflammation. They’re also good for conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and gastrointestinal conditions such as Crohn’s disease.
CBD helps regulate sleep balance and induces a sense of calm in the body. It, therefore, helps with sleeping disorders and conditions such as insomnia.
CBD produces an anti-depressant effect on the body by interacting with the serotonin receptors in the brain thus promoting feelings of happiness.
CBD induces a sense of calm in the body thereby helping in relieving stress and anxiety.
COPD, Lung Disease, and Asthma
Gummies, or any CBD-dominant edibles for that matter, are a great way to consume CBD for those with lung or breathing disorders. Because gummies do not involve smoking, they are easy to administer and provide the much needed relief.
Gummies make it easier to manage migraines with their long-lasting effect. Consistent use of gummies over a long period of time can help regulate and decrease migraine pains providing relief in the body.
What to look for in a CBD gummy?
While you’re out to buy CBD gummies, the following are some points to take into consideration:
- Type of CBD: does the gummy contain full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, or an isolate extract?
- Concentration: what is the percentage of CBD, and other cannabinoids, if present?
- Ingredients: what other ingredients do the gummies contain?
- Quantity: what is the amount of CBD in each gummy and how convenient is that according to your daily dosage?
Where to buy CBD gummies in India?
You can buy CBD gummies in India online through dedicated platforms. The country does not have the facility to buy CBD in dispensaries or retail stores yet. But there are online CBD stores that offer authentic and certified CBD products to users in India.